World Health Statistics 2022: Monitoring for SDGs

World Health Statistics 2022: Monitoring for SDGs

The World health statistics report is the World Health Organization’s (WHO) annual compilation of health
and health-related indicators for its 194 Member States, published since 2005.

The COVID-19 pandemic has presented a serious danger to world health and the functioning of health services since early 2020. Due to pandemic-related societal constraints, large patient caseloads, under-resourced health facility infrastructures, and shortages of medical equipment, medications, diagnostics, and staff, essential health services have been severely disrupted, putting health care professionals under tremendous strain.

Coronavirus disease (COVID-19), which was labeled a public health emergency of worldwide concern by WHO more than two years ago, remains a global health danger. COVID-19 had been confirmed in 50.4 million people as of April 20, 2022, with 6.2 million deaths directly linked to the virus. The worldwide vaccine supply expanded to the point that it was no longer a limitation in the latter half of 2021 and early 2022. There were enough vaccine doses in early 2022 to protect every adult and teenager (12 years and older) on the planet with a three-dose regimen. As of April 25, 2022, 74 percent of people in high-income countries (HICs) and 74 percent of people in upper-middle-income countries (UMICs) were vaccinated (that is, they had completed their primary series of vaccination), and 51 percent of people in low-income countries (LMICs) were vaccinated (that is, they had completed their primary series of immunization).

People continue to live longer and live more years in good health. Global life expectancy at birth increased from 66.8 years in 2000 to 73.3 years in 2019, and healthy life expectancy (HALE) increased from 58.3 years to 63.7 years

Global burden of Diseases

The illness burden remained to be distributed differently among country’s economic levels. The overwhelming majority (87.8%) NCDs were the leading cause of mortality in HICs in 2019, with heart disease topping the list. The primary causes are dementia and stroke. Communicable diseases are prevalent in LICs. illnesses, as well as maternal, perinatal, and nutritional issues Despite this, approximately half of all deaths, were caused by environmental factors. Lower respiratory infections, diarrhoeal illnesses, and fatalities Malaria, tuberculosis, and HIV remained as the top ten causes of death. death. The majority of the burden was still borne by LICs and LMICs. The burden of communicable illnesses, such as tuberculosis, HIV, and malaria, Hepatitis B and neglected tropical illnesses.

Source: WHO