Blood pressure is the force exerted by circulating blood against the walls of the body’s arteries, the major blood vessels in the body. Hypertension is when blood pressure is too high. An estimated 1.13 billion people worldwide have hypertension, among which two-thirds of the people live in middle-income countries. Hypertension is the major cause of premature death worldwide. Hypertension is diagnosed if, when it is measured on two different days, the systolic blood pressure readings on both days is ≥140 mmHg and/or the diastolic blood pressure readings on both days is ≥90 mmHg.
Risk factors for Hypertension
There are many factors related to hypertension, among which the major ones are:
Age: The older you are, the more likely you have chance to get high blood pressure, . As we age old, our blood vessels gradually lose some of their elastic quality, which can contribute to increase blood pressure.
Family history: Genes likely play some role in high blood pressure, heart diseases and other related conditions. Hence, if your parents or other close blood relatatives have high blood pressure, there’s an increased chance that you will get it too.
Unhealthy diet: A diet that is too high in sodium and too low in potassium puts you at risk of high blood pressure.
Race or Ethnicity: If race are compared, black people develop high blood pressure more often than white people, Hispanics, Asians, pacific Islanders, American Indians, or Alaska Natives do.
High cholesterol: More than half of people with high blood pressurealso have high hcholesterol.
Coexisting diseases such as diabetes or kidney disease
Being overweight/obese leads your heart to work hard to pump blood and oxygen around your body. Over time this ads stress to your heart and blood vessels.
Too much use of alcohol and tobacco