Know Your Cholesterol

know your cholesterol

Cholesterol is a waxy, fat-like substance produced by the liver that is present in the blood and all cells of the body. It is necessary because our bodies use cholesterol to produce hormones and vitamin D, as well as to aid digestion. Our liver produces enough cholesterol to perform these functions, but your body does not obtain cholesterol solely from your liver. Cholesterol can also be found in foods like meat, dairy, and poultry. If we consume a lot of these foods, our cholesterol levels may rise to dangerously high levels. As a result, stroke, coronary heart disease, peripheral vascular disease, and a variety of other diseases are caused.

Major types of Cholesterol are:

  1. High Density Lipoprotein (HDL) , also called as ‘the good cholesterol’
  2. Low Density Lipoproteins (LDL), also called as ‘the bad cholesterol’ and
  3. Very- low- density lipoproteins, they are particles in the blood that carry triglycerides

For decades, it’s been known that, when it comes to heart disease risk, there’s a difference between so-called “bad cholesterol”—also known as low-density lipoprotein or LDL, which can clog up the artery walls—and “good cholesterol,” known as high-density lipoprotein or HDL, which helps clear cholesterol out of the system.

According to Medline Plus site the healthy levels of cholesterol, based on age and gender is given below.

S.N.Types of CholesterolHealthy level( anyone age 19 or younger
1.Total cholesterolLess than 170mg/dL
2.Non-HDLLess than 120mg/dL
3.LDLLess than 100mg/dL
4.HDLmore than 45mg/dL
S.N.Types of CholesterolHealthy level Men aged 20+Healthy level Women aged 20+
1.Total cholesterol125 to 200mg/dL125 to 200mg/dL
2.Non-HDLLess than 130mg/dLLess than 130mg/dL
3.LDLLess than 100mg/dLLess than 100mg/dL
4.HDL40mgdL or higher50mg/dL

When should we test our cholesterol level?

People aged 19 and under should have their first test between the ages of 9 and 11, and then repeat the test every 5 years. If there is a family history of high blood cholesterol, heart attack, or stroke, a test should be performed as early as the age of two. Similarly, young adults over the age of 20 should have the test done every 5 years. Men between the ages of 45 and 65, and women between the ages of 55 and 65, should have it tested every 1-2 years.,vitamin%20D%2C%20and%20bile%20acid.