A Guide to Implementation Research: For NCDs (WHO)

A Guide to Implementation Research: For NCDs (WHO)

Implementation research is still in its early stages in population-based health programs, and vocabulary and terminology are still being established. Implementation research is described in this guide as “the scientific study of the procedures used to implement policies and interventions, as well as the contextual elements that influence these processes.” In other words, implementation research looks at the different elements that influence how a new policy or intervention is used (or implemented) in the actual world.




Programs are said to have social validity when they address problems that consumers perceive significant in an appropriate manner and provide beneficial outcomes. This social validity may be evaluated qualitatively, for example, through surveys and questionnaires. Programs with low social validity may need. Partial adaptation, in which policy or intervention aspects other than essential evidence-based kernels are modified.

The number of persons reached by a program or intervention, as well as how representative they are of the target population, are used to calculate reach. In general, more reach will result in greater influence. Adoption represents a readiness to undertake a program (policy or intervention) and varies among settings and implementers due to the availability of resources and competence, among other factors. Meanwhile, implementation fidelity measures how closely a policy or intervention is implemented to the design of the program. Implementation costs include direct labor expenses (related with consumer or implementer interaction), indirect labor costs (connected with consumers and implementers but do not need direct contact), and non-labor expenditures (e.g., building space, resource printing, and so on).

This guide touches on sustainability and scale-up strategies, referring to a nine step guide for
developing a scaling-up strategy. Overall this document aims to provide guidance, tools and examples for
implementation research that support the effective implementation of NCD policy options and cost-effective
interventions as proposed in the Global Action Plan for the Prevention and Control of Noncommunicable
Diseases 2013–2020. Download the report to know in detail. Report source WHO